History Of Elkmont
Some of the more affluent citizens of Knoxville held summer cottages in Elkmont, one of these people was Willis P. Davis. After a visit to Yellowstone in 1920, Willis Davis began to suggest the idea of a national park in the area. Davis’s idea was heard by David C. Chapman, who put the idea into motion, lobbying along with business owners who saw the potential of a national park.
A former logging community, Elkmont is named for the elk who inhabitated the area years ago. Elk are slowly being released back into the area. After the trees were harvested, the logging community turned into a vacation resort, and was home to the Wonderland Hotel, which was put on the national register of historic places in 1994, along with several of the nearby rustic cottages.
Though Elkmont was home to the original national park movement, it was also home to the largest of the anti-park movements. Spearheaded by Jim Wright, an attourney for the Little River Logging Company, Wright and other businessmen preferred the Smokies become a national forest, through which a railroad could run, increasing the value of the land. Because of this, the legislature to turn the Smokies into a National Park exempted Elkmont, allowing the owners of their cottages to obtain life time leases on their homes.
A majority of the leases expired between 1992 and 2001, at which time ownership changed to the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, when the buildings were placed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The Wonderland Hotel
In 2005, the largest of these buildings, the Wonderland Hotel, collapsed due to structural failure and was cleared, with exception of parts that were deemed historic, which were removed. Only a chimney fall and the annex remain. In 2009 plans were announced to restore the historic clubhouse, as well as 18 of the remaining cottages to their previous state. The remainder of these buildings will be documented and carefully removed and placed outside the park.
Where Is Elkmont?
Elkmont is located on a flat valley at the junction of Little River and Jakes Creek. Surrounded by steep ridges, the valley is shadowed by Meigs Mountain to the west and Sugarland Mountain to the east. To the south is Blanket Mountain and Clingmans Dome, the highest point in the Smokies lay just beyond.